The Bottom Line on the New Energy Economy
Gaseous and Liquid Fuels
What Will it Take to End Our Oil Addiction?
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill                               Peak Oil Coming Sooner Than Expected

May 29, 2010
by Craig Severance

It's time we moved on to something else, or this is going to kill us. 

Not only are world oil supplies running out, but what oil is still left is proving very dirty to obtain.  We need to kick our oil addiction now if we expect to preserve any hopes of economic prosperity, or unspoiled habitats.   

"This is What the End of the Oil Age Looks Like." 
 We have the Deepwater Horizon oil spill now precisely because the easy to obtain oil is already tapped. You don't drill in mile deep waters if you have somewhere else you could go.  

The worst is yet to come. If we don't kick oil now, we will see more disasters as oil companies move to the Arctic offshore, clear more forests for tar sands, and rape the American West to develop oil shale.  Worldwide droughts, floods and dead seas will also ensue from global warming caused from burning oil.

Richard Heinberg of Post Carbon Institute said it best: "This is what the end of the oil age looks like. The cheap, easy petroleum is gone; from now on, we will pay steadily more and more for what we put in our gas tanks—more not just in dollars, but in lives and health, in a failed foreign policy that spawns foreign wars and military occupations, and in the lost integrity of the biological systems that sustain life on this planet. The only solution is to do proactively, and sooner, what we will end up doing anyway as a result of resource depletion and economic, environmental, and military ruin: end our dependence on the stuff." 

We Can Do That.  I said in my recent Peak Oil article "The End of the World as We Know It" that we need to adapt to Peak Oil, but we can do that.  This article explains how.

Click here to read full article.

It's the End of the World (As We Know It)
Oil Production Peak Much Sooner Than Expected

May 14, 2010
by Craig Severance

A storm is quickly approaching, and the world is not ready for it.

The permanent end of the era of cheap oil is coming as soon as next year, according to a raft of official reports that have made their way into energy media over the last few months.  Governments are now beginning to acknowledge the looming crisis. Yet, perhaps because they waited too long to prevent it, leaders are not yet alerting the public.

The entire world economy is built on cheap oil,  A permanent oil production shortage will thus lead to The End of The World (As We Know It).  What will come on the other side of this -- will it be good or bad? 

Public UnawareExcept for a few stories in financial pages such as London's Financial Times, this earth-shaking news has yet to reach the Mainstream Media.  While "Peak Oil" researchers have long warned of approaching oil shortages, the difference now is these dire warnings are being validated by the highest government and oil company officials.  Yet, no political leader has had the courage to make a major announcement to prepare the public for what lies ahead. 

Click here to read full article.

Cap and Trade: Unexpected FRIEND to Gas Industry

Grand Jct, CO Chamber of Commerce Energy Briefing June 2009

June 20, 2009
by Craig Severance

GRAND JUNCTION, CO --  You can see it in the faces of those gathered to hear the latest news on the natural gas industry:  Anxiety.  Anger.  Fear of losing everything they have. Frustration that there seems nothing anyone can do. 

The rigs are down.  Here in Western Colorado and nationwide, the drilling rigs that employed thousands in well paying jobs are down.  Where just a year ago this region was bustling with new drilling activity, rig counts are now down 74%.  Across the nation the story is the same:  74% down in W. Texas/NM; 68% down in Green River Basin (WY); 50% down in Arkoma Basin; 49% down in E. Texas/N. La.  The gas resources are still there, but new drilling activity is being curtailed. 

Local Economy is Hurting.  When the rigs go down, so goes the local economy of a gas-producing region.  In Western Colorado,  $3.2 - $3.5 Billion less investment by the natural gas industry is expected in 2009 versus 2008.  Housing prices are down and unemployment is rising. Retail sales have fallen drastically, stressing merchants and local governments.  The flow of dollars coming from elsewhere into the local economy has dropped off a cliff.  When natural gas -- a domestic energy resource -- goes down, it is not Saudi oil sheiks but American gas workers and the communities where they live that feel the impacts.   

Source: Energy Information Administration

Natural Gas Was High Priced & Unreliable.  Just a year ago, in June 2008, the average U.S. wellhead price for natural gas was $10.82 per thousand cubic feet, (about $10.50 per Million BTU, or MMBTU).  Electric utilities, concerned about the volatility of natural gas prices and worried about its reliability of supply, were beginning to explore high priced alternatives to natural gas, even considering reviving a nuclear power industry that had been dead for over 30 years. 

Then, everything changed almost overnight.

39% Increase in Total U.S. Natural Gas Resources. High natural gas prices, together with relatively new "fracturing" technologies to free gas from shale deposits, prompted massive gas exploration efforts nationwide. These resulted in discoveries of major new natural gas resources, which became apparent before the end of 2008. 

On Thursday, the nonprofit Potential Gas Committee industry group, assisted by the Colorado School of Mines, released the results of its 2008 assessment, indicating a total increase of U.S. natural gas resources of 39% since its last assessment, for 2006.  The report notes the new natural gas resource estimate is the "highest resource evaluation in the Committee's 44-year history" -- indicating the U.S.has far more resources of natural gas than previously considered. 

"Furthermore, new and advanced exploration, well drilling and completion technologies are allowing us increasingly better access to domestic gas resources—especially ‘unconventional’ gas—which, not all that long ago, were considered impractical or uneconomical to pursue.”  noted Dr. John B. Curtis, Professor of Geology and Geological Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines and Director of the Potential Gas Agency there, which assists the Committee.

“Consequently, our present assessment demonstrates an exceptionally strong and optimistic gas supply picture for the nation.”, Curtis concluded.

Foreign Liquified Natural Gas Now Entering U.S. at Low Prices.
In an article titled "Who Knew? Looks Like We're In for an LNG Glut", the April 2009 issue of Electricity Journal noted  "In early 2000, the conventional wisdom was that U.S. domestic production capacity was on the decline, requiring massive imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from overseas."   

In response to this outlook, a number of major LNG terminals were constructed to import LNG from producing countries overseas, where natural gas is often an unused byproduct of oil production.  Those projects are now coming to fruition -- at exactly the wrong time for the U.S. natural gas industry. 

Electricity Journal noted " there is now broad agreement that a U.S. LNG import surge is coming."  The article noted three new U.S. terminals came online in 2008, after a record-setting LNG import total of 770 billion cubic feet in 2007. 

Most distressing for the U.S. natural gas industry is that LNG imports are being sold at incredibly low prices. With a glut of LNG terminal and tanker capacity, foreign producers now have the LNG loaded and ready to sell, and often are merely trying to cover their marginal costs of operation.  The article noted "Setting aside the need to recover massive fixed investments, the LNG itself can be sold for as low as $3 per [MMBTU], including transportation costs".

"Why would anybody sell LNG at such a low price?  Because, as Zach Allen, head of Pan EurAsian Enterprises, says, 'Some cash is better than none', especially for low-cost producers such as Qatar or for others where natural gas is a byproduct of extracting oil.", the Electricity Journal article concluded.    

Natural Gas Prices Have Crashed.  With a new abundance of resources both domestic and foreign now flooding the market, U.S. natural gas prices have crashed.  

Data Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil & Gas

Price Not High Enough to Support Drilling.   While good in the short term for consumers, natural gas prices this low have now largely curtailed new drilling and exploration activities.  It is generally accepted that new drilling costs from $6.00 to $7.50 per MMBTU, so until prices can rise high enough to cover those costs, the rigs will stay down.

Little Hope On Horizon. Gas producers are looking at a very bleak outlook for 2009 and expect prices to remain depressed until increased demand for natural gas catches up with the very plentiful supplies now available.  "The worst is yet to come, '09 activity is down 70-75%", stated Carter Mathies of Arista Midstream Services LLC during his presentation at the Grand Junction, CO Chamber of Commerce last week.      
Enter "An Inconvenient Truth" --  for COAL.   Unexpected help to the natural gas industry may come soon, and just in time, through a "Cap and Trade" bill to limit emissions on carbon dioxide production from electric power plants.  This is a major piece of legislation that proposes to change the energy sources we use to generate power -- and the outcomes would greatly favor natural gas.  

Scientists worldwide have concluded that the raising of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere is having severe impacts on our climate.  They say fossil fuel emissions must be controlled to prevent flooded coastal cities, dust bowls from Kansas to California, destruction of coral reefs and low-lying island nations, among other catastrophic effects. (See here for a good summary of the science.)

The major culprit, they say, is the burning of coal to produce electric power.  Our nation's top climate scientist, NASA's Dr. James Hansen, argues "coal is the single greatest threat to civilization and all life on our planet".  (See Hansen's full remarks here.)

Natural Gas is Winner When CO2 is Regulated.  While natural gas is also a fossil fuel and produces carbon dioxide when it is burned -- it has a major advantage over coal.  The best natural gas power plants produce less than half as much carbon dioxide per kWh of electricity as coal fired power plants.

Natural gas combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT's) are very efficient because they use two cycles to recover heat (hence the name "combined cycle").  These gas turbines are also far less costly to build than a new coal fired power plant. 

Click here to read full Article.


Going Green: And the Winner Is -- "Clean Coal"?!

March 17, 2009
by Craig Severance

The Going Green East conference was held last week in Boston, a showcase for "green" companies to talk about their business plans before a host of venture capitalists, investment bankers and media in attendance, The event, whose major sponsors include EcoWorldAlways OnScientific American, Morgan Stanley, and KPMG, began with an announcement of the "Top 50" leading "greentech companies".

The shocker was that the Overall WInner in this competition among "green" companies is a "clean coal" company -- GreatPoint Energy, which has developed a proprietary coal to natural gas conversion process using a mix of steam and catalytic metals. 

Going Green East organizer Ed Ring, Editor of EcoWorld, explained that the top winners this year were picked with an eye on the general economy.  A combination of cheap energy and tight credit markets has severely impacted greentech companies, and conference organizers felt it important to pick companies that "will still do well now". 

This pragmatic approach caused GreatPoint Energy's coal conversion process to rise to the top of the list.  GreatPoint has already raised $140 million and has backing from several major corporations including Dow Chemical, Peabody Coal, AES, and Suncor Energy. The company says it proved its "catalytic hydromethanation" process in a pilot plant at the Gas Technology Institute in Des Plaines, Illinois, and now has a demonstration plant in Somerset, Massachusetts.

"Green" Coal?  Most environmental organizations and "green energy" supporters question whether any process which uses coal as its feedstock could possibly be considered  "greentech".  However, GreatPoint Energy's CEO Andrew Perlman describes natural gas as the cleanest burning fossil fuel, while coal is the dirtiest. 

Perlman argues that a process to convert coal into natural gas can be an important strategy to help reduce global warming, because a natural gas power plant typically produces less than half of the carbon dioxide per kWh spewed forth from a coal-fired plant.  GreatPoint Energy's process combines pulverized coal in the presence of catalysts with steam (H2O), with the major outputs being methane (CH4), and CO2.  Greatpoint plans to sell the methane as "Bluegas"(TM), directly into natural gas pipelines.  The CO2  byproduct would need to be sequestered underground, to actually achieve any reduction in global warming effects.  

The process does not achieve the >90% reduction in CO2 emissions sought by post-combustion "Carbon Capture & Sequestration" (CCS) schemes which are currently the subject of much "Clean Coal" research.  The natural gas would typically be burned without any post-combustion process to capture its carbon emissions.  However, Perlman stated that it is a major accomplishment to convert coal into natural gas and thereby achieve over a 50% reduction in CO2 compared to burning the coal directly to produce electricity. Other major air pollutants caused by burning coal, such as particulates and mercury, would also be removed in the conversion process. (Remember Beijing?)

In response to anti-coal environmentalists, Perlman states "You've got to show me a faster way to clean up the environment."  An attendee at the Going Green conference, however, questioned Perlman, asking "what about the front end?" -- noting coal strip mines as examples of why coal is still a dirty fuel.  Perlman counters  "we should not let the perfect be the enemy of the good."

Click here to read the entire article.

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